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Moldova officially the Republic of Moldova (Romanian: Republica Moldova), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the west and Ukraine to the north, east, and south. The capital city is Chișinău.
On 29 November 2013, at a summit in Vilnius, Moldova signed an association agreement with the European Union dedicated to the European Union's 'Eastern Partnership' with ex-Soviet countries. The ex-Romanian President Traian Băsescu stated that Romania will make all efforts for Moldova to join the EU as soon as possible. Moldova has signed the Association Agreement with the European Union in Brussels on 27 June 2014. The signing comes after the accord has been initialled in Vilnius in November 2013
Moldova has a climate which is moderately continental; its proximity to the Black Sea leads to the climate being mildly cold in the autumn and winter and relatively cool in the spring and summer.
The summers are warm and long, with temperatures averaging about 20 °C (68 °F) and the winters are relatively mild and dry, with January temperatures averaging −4 °C (25 °F). Annual rainfall, which ranges from around 600 mm (24 in) in the north to 400 mm (16 in) in the south, can vary greatly; long dry spells are not unusual. The heaviest rainfall occurs in early summer and again in October; heavy showers and thunderstorms are common. Because of the irregular terrain, heavy summer rains often cause erosion and river silting.
As of 2014 census, Moldovans were the largest ethnic group of Moldova (75.1% of the population). In addition, 7.0% of the population declared themselves Romanians, amid the controversy over ethnic and linguistic identity in Moldova. Although historical, the polarization based on ethnolinguistic criteria of the majority ethnic group reappeared with the national revival movement of the late 1980s, and, so far, there is no consensus regarding the mainstream identity in the Republic of Moldova (Moldovan or Romanian),
The country has also important minority ethnic communities, as shown in the table below. Gagauz, 4.4% of the population, are Christian Turkic people. Greeks, Armenians, Poles, Ukrainians, although not numerous, were present since as early as the 17th century, and had left cultural marks. The 19th century saw the arrival of many more Ukrainians from Podolia and Galicia, as well as new communities, such as Lipovans, Russians, Bulgarians, and Germans. Most of Moldova's Jewish population emigrated away between 1979 and 2004.
The Republic of Moldova is a European country with a long history within the Romanian state (medieval and pre-modern) Moldova, populated mainly by Moldovans (Romanians), but also by various ethnic groups such as Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Gagauz, Russians, Jews, Germans, Czechs and so on Many centuries-old traditions have been preserved here, which can be found in the western half of Moldova and in the rest of Romania, with elements common to the Christian peoples of Eastern Europe.
Many traditional Moldovan events represent an amalgam of elements characteristic of the agricultural, pastoral, religious and civil calendar, a mixture that in Moldova has become a permanent source of goodwill, warmth and hospitality.
Higher education is achieved in 2 cycles of studies, bachelor's degree, lasting 3-4 years and master's degree lasting 1-2 years.
The higher education network consists of 31 institutions, including 17 state subordinated to several ministries and 14 private institutions. University institutions (including branches) are located in Chisinau, Balti, Cahul, Taraclia, Comrat.
University studies have become increasingly accessible, and age restrictions have been ruled out. The popularity of higher education is high, compared to the much smaller number of people studying in vocational secondary and specialized secondary education. The university system ensures the training of specialists in about 170 specialties. Of the total number of students, 20% study at the legal profile; 24.2% to the economic profile; 2.92% in medicine.
In 2005 the Republic of Moldova joined the Bologna Process and began the higher education reform.
More information about the Republic of Moldova can be found at: